Path-Goal Theory of Leadership

Path-Goal Theory focuses on motivation of the followers that give the best outcome to the task at hand. This theory focuses on the leader giving motivation to the followers so that the followers feel good and get the job done. This particular theory defines goals, clarifies paths, removes obstacles, and provides support. These four characteristics work together to make the job easier on the followers. It also puts more pressure on the leader because it doesn’t give the leader the opportunity to put more responsibility on the followers. What I got from this theory is that it is supposed to make life easier on the followers, it’s not a very equal relationship between the leader and the followers.

This semester my leadership class was split into groups and each given a different leadership theory to present to the class. My group was given path-goal theory and while prepping, and even presenting the theory I realized that the way I lead is similar to this leadership theory. Path-goal theory has four key leadership behaviors. The first behavior is a directive behavior. This particular behavior is when the leader clarifies the path by giving the followers a clear road to success. The next behavior is supportive which is when the leaders really support their followers, even mentally, and create a very friendly and welcoming environment. The third behavior is participated which is when the leader encourages the followers to participate in the decision making process and also gives the followers increased involvements in the organization. The final behavior is  achievement oriented which is basically just restating that the fact that with this theory the goal is always kept in mind through what ever behaviors are being displayed.

An activity we did to better demonstrate this theory in real life was by playing the game mafia. The main idea of mafia is to figure out who the “mafia” in the group is. The town is made up of police, doctors, and townspeople. The job of the townspeople is to find the mafia before everyone is “killed”. We chose to play this game because it displays the path-goal theory very well. The townspeople, or followers, are needed to step up and participate to find the mafia much like how the followers are encouraged to step up and participate in the organization.

This theory is relatable to most organizations. Leaders generally want to make sure that their followers have what they need to finish the project successfully. Sometimes this theory gives too much responsibility to the leader. This can happen when the leader will just do the task basically without the help of their followers because the followers may not know what they are supposed to do and the leader just wants it done right, or the leader wants to take care of their followers.

After realizing that this theory does relate back to how I personally lead I can now take what I’ve learned and improve how I lead. There can be times where I decided to take on most of the work load but I know that I need to delegate and explain how things are meant to be done now.


Special Events Lead Team

Part of the protocol for the Leadership Advancement Scholarship I am a part at Central Michigan University of we have to be a part of a Lead Team. There are various Lead Teams such as planning for competition day ,which is when we get to meet the possible incoming cohort, and a Lead Team that plans a service trip in Detroit. I was a part of the Special Events Lead Team. When I first received the email about which team I was in it was called the “Fun” team, and it truly lived up to that description. We are in charge of planning the various events that bring the different cohorts together throughout the school year for just a way to blow off steam and just have fun. We’ve put together various events such as a minute to win it competition and LEAD on ice. From the very beginning we had decided that the common goal between the events was to bring the cohorts together and also so that we knew people outside of our cohorts and our “families”.

I think that we have done a great job for what we have had to work with. We have had successful events and I think that this is something that will just continue to improve as the years go on. I think that there is always room for improvement and that the team will continue to improve for as long as it’s a team. The team this year definitely kept out goals in mind and we were also very open to what everyone had to say during the planning process and I think that speaks for how successful our team was able to be.

I am proud to say that I am able to carry on the goal of connection between the cohorts as co-chair of the Special Events Lead Team. I think that this is going to be a great experience to have. I feel so honored to have been chosen to be put in this position so I can then carry on the goals that were set in place from this past year. I can’t wait to plan new events and to carry out the “traditional” events that are a staple for our team and that the other cohorts look forward to.


LAS in the “D” Reflection

On Friday, February 10th, myself and my cohort for Leadership Advancement Scholarship were given the opportunity to spend a mere 36 hours in the city of Detroit, MI. We were able to see the city as well as give time to volunteer in the city for non-profit organizations.

Starting on Friday we facilitated activities at the Jalen Rose Leadership Academy (JRLA).

At Jalen Rose

JRLA is a charter school in metro-Detroit that was started in September 2011 and now serves over 400 students 9th-12th grades. This is a school that puts leadership in the center of everything they do, and that was very clear in how they ran things and how the students behaved while we were there. After leaving we were taken to the Quicken Loans building. Here we were given dinner and were able to listen to Buddy Henika who is very high up on the Quicken Loans pyramid, but in the middle of his presentation John Fikany took control of the presentation because of how passionate he is

Outside of Quicken Loans Building

about Quicken Loans and how he was ready to give us summer internships and it was honestly amazing to see that he believed in us enough to basically offering us a really nice step into the Quicken Loans company. We got to learn a lot about the company and how involved they are in the well being of Detroit and how they want to proved jobs to people. You could really tell they especially like CMU students, they were happy to have us there and we were all very happy to be there. After going to Quicken we were able to go to the Detroit Institute of Art (DIA).

Candid picture of Markus at the DIA

I wasn’t really ever sure why exactly we were going there until a week after when I was told the history behind the DIA. I throughly enjoyed my time there. The art was amazing and the history now makes me appreciate my time spent there. Next we went to the DNR Outdoor Adventure Center where we spent the night and also got to learn about how it had basically risen from the ground and had nothing but is now something that people travel from out of state to come to.

The next morning we were off to CASS Community Social Services to serve. We were split into groups, my group being the kitchen. In the building where the kitchen there is also a shelter there, which is why they need a kitchen. In the shelter there are three different floors, the first floor is for mothers and children, the second is for veterans, many suffering from PTSD, and the third for men. The kitchen provides three meals a day everyday of the year and week and they serve at least a 1,000 meals a day. One of my tasks was to shred potatoes because they were going to be used to make hash browns for a special breakfast where the veterans in the shelter could come and special order a meal like they were at a diner. This is something that stuck with me the  rest of the day. I have never truly been in Detroit and have only really ever seen the downtown area which is where all the work and re-building is being done. This was the in the outskirts and was in poverty. CASS is a non-profit that is focused on taking care of their people. Providing jobs, food, and shelter. This is so important to have in that area because of the poverty that has struck the people there.

So now, I would like to go back to JRLA and get to know more about it. I learned so much from this part of the trip that I will always have with me. I thought going there that we would be the ‘teachers’ but I learned more from them than I anticipated. Going to Quicken gave me a place where I want to definitely apply for a internship. I can see myself there and I fell in love Detroit from this trip. But CASS gave me the most from this trip. I am not sure if I would go and volunteer there but it makes me want to volunteer more and help those who are trying to help a community. I live near Flint and I understand what is going on there and I want to go and find volunteer opportunities there because I know Flint and I have seen the city deteriorate throughout the years and I know that the city needs some love and if I am able I should be giving it the love it needs.

Now I know I need to do in regards on how to better lead people. I need to be mindful of others comfort levels and to also make sure that I am not automatically trying to take over the situation. I also need to keep an open mind to new learning experiences. Everything is a learning experience that needs to be learned. But now that I have the humbleness in mind I really feel as if I need to volunteer more. I realize how much volunteers are actually needed. I need to volunteer more especially since I am so close to a community in need. Between JRLA and CASS I realize that I needed a reality check and to be thankful for what I have and the life I have and that I also need to share my fortune and bless others the way I have been blessed.

LAS in the “D”

This Friday, February 10th, 2017 I will be going on a service trip in with my LAS cohort. I have heard so many good things about this trip and I am excited for what I will be gaining from this trip. I hope to gain a closer relationship with my cohort and to also have a humbling experience from what I will be seeing and doing in Detroit. I am aware of the poverty that has struck Detroit and the racism that is still present. I know of these things from what I’ve seen in the news and things I’ve heard and seen most of my life.

“Leadership Institute has worked to prepare the next generation of leaders who will act responsibly to improve the quality of life, state of the economy, and communities in which they live.” 

This trip to Detroit is going to give us more of an understanding of something that most of us have never experienced and I believe that this trip will give us the knowledge we need to continue our leadership in our future wherever we all end up. We are going to carry what we learn on this trip with us for the rest of our lives. I cannot wait to see what I will be able to take away from this trip.

(This is actually my favorite mural in Detroit)


Ted Talk | Simon Sinek

“People don’t buy what you do, they buy why you do it.”

I recently watched a TedTalk video featuring Simon Sinek. This video was titled “How great leaders inspire action”. In the beginning of the talk he introduced The Golden Circle which he referred to throughout the rest of the talk. The Golden Circle is a diagram that has three levels of thinking: what, how, and why. The “what” is “What do thgoldencircleey do”, the “how” is how they do it, and the “why” is why they do it, To put this in perspective various companies were mentioned but more so The Apple Company. Apple is one of the very few companies that utilizes the “why” and tells consumers why they make what they make and the reason is because they believe in challenging the status quo. Another company could come up with an idea and be able to tell you what it does, and how they made it but if they don’t tell you why they made it, you are not going to be as inclined to buy the product. You don’t feel motivated to buy it.

“If you talk about what you believe you will attract people who believe what you believe”

Why is this important? It’s important to have people supporting you who have similar beliefs because if you do not then that task you are setting out to do will not succeed. Sinek brought up the Wright Brothers for this example. The Wright Brothers were famous for flying the first airplane after continually failing and then improving from that failure. Because they had people working for them who wanted to be there in helping them create their dream into a reality they were successful. One person most people have never heard of, including myself, was Samuel Pierpont Langely. Langely was also in the race to fly the first airplane. He hired the brightest of minds and worked hard. The difference between the Wrights and Langely is that the Wrights had a “why” and Langely did not. The Wrights had people helping them who were there to support them and their beliefs and dreams when the people working for Langely did not. The workers for Langley were there for the paycheck, that was their purpose.

“We follow those who lead not because we have to, but because we want to.”

It is our job as leaders to have a “why” statement. If we don’t have one how do we really know that we are leading those with similar beliefs. People choose to follow us. It’s not “I have a plan”, it’s “I have a dream”. I know that after watching this TED talk that I want to be a leader that leads with a “why” rather than not having one at all. I know that I need to start thinking about why I am doing things and not do them because they need to be done. I need to have purpose and passion.

My Why Statement: “Inspire others to find their passion and love loudly”

What is your why statement?

“YES!” to Leadership

Does a leader come from a “yes” or a “no”? 

I was recently asked this question from a professor in a leadership course. After reading the question and thinking about it for a while I have finally come up with an answer. Yes. A leader comes from a “yes”.

Leaders are not born, they are made. When a leader is chosen they have to say “yes”. Although saying “yes” to everything is very scary, it shows courage to be able to say that small three-letter word because that word means so much. It allows you to be open to new experiences and opportunities. But you have to remember that you wouldn’t be a leader ifyes-we-can you hadn’t said “yes” to that calling. If your followers come to you with an idea and were given “no” as an answer they are going to find another leader that tells them “yes” and you’ve lost your followers. You have to have faith and courage to be able to say “yes” and try to make your followers ideas a reality and when that idea becomes a reality for them they are going to be reminded of why you were chosen for the leader role.

Saying “no” is convenient. It’s much easier to say “no” to something you don’t like or don’t agree with, but where is that going to get you? The answer is no where. If you are just  waiting for an easy idea to come your way that you know can be a reality, why are you in the position of being a leader? Is it to just have the title, or are you in that position to lead? Saying “no” will close you off from doing what seems like the impossible even though it could be possible.

I understand now that in the future I cannot be afraid to say yes. I need to take the step into the unknown to find something that is truly remarkable. Saying no to opportunities in the past has definitely been easy, but being a leader is not easy, it’s supposed to be tough. I want to be a leader that says yes.

“If somebody offers you an amazing opportunity but you are not sure you can do it, say yes – then learn how to do it later!”
― Richard Branson

Tess Holliday: Leader 2016

When first given the topic of writing about a leader that I feel has inspired me and others not one person stood out among the rest until just now while I was scrolling through instagram. Throughout this past election and even before that this person, Tess Holliday, has been sharing her opinions and her beliefs about what she stands for. When I think of a leader I automatically think of someone who is able to do what she is doing and reaching people who think the same.

Tess Holliday is a plus size model and a body positive ambassador. I found Tess on instagram over a year ago when I myself was just starting to get to love my body. For me Tess was someone who I could look up to because of all the accomplishments she’s made. Tess was born in Mississippi on July 5, 1985. All throughout her life she has had to overcome many obstacles for example, being bullied. I think that it is amazing to see how far she’s come and what she has accomplished and it is something for young girls to be able to look up to as a role model.

Tess started modeling for a plus size clothing store called Torrid which is actually a company that I work for. I walked into work one day and saw her face on a poster we were hanging up in the window for everyone to see and I was awestruck. Tess Holliday is by no means what some people consider a leader but I do consider her a leader. I think that she’s someone that is paving a way for men and women of all sizes to be able to step up to the plate and promote self love and do it in a way that reaches everyone.

“Never compare yourself to others and celebrate what makes you, you” – Tess Holliday

Being a leader is being a voice for people who don’t have a voice. Tess is the voice for many people that it’s ok to love yourself and that other people cannot be your validation for being accepted into society. It’s ok to be weird, or quirky, or look different than everyone else. As long as you love you, people will accept you.

I want to be someone who encourages people to be themselves and to love themselves. I know what if feels like to not love yourself and it’s a scary and dark place. In the future and also now I want to be able to help people avoid that dark and scary place to see the light.

tess-holliday-435     #EffYourBeautyStandards


Leadership Lecture

During the Connections Conference I was able to hear Erin Smith-Gaken speak. Erin spoke about ‘The Dirty Dozen’ or in other words ethics. I truly enjoyed listening to this and getting another perspective of things I was doing that were ethically incorrect. For example, taking extra things from the cafeteria that were not really allowed to be taken out. I mainly talked about this in my blog from the actual Connections Conference but I am going to go over it again.

Turns out most people are on the same page when it comes to making ethical decisions. It sounds like the best thing to do and we try to make them but there are some that slip under the radar of being ethical. There was an example of accidentally forgetting to pay for a vitamin water that was only $3. Should you go back and pay for it? I personally said no because it was an accident and I didn’t wouldn’t want to go back and pay for it since it was only $3. It’s decisions like these when we are supposed to go back and pay for that drink. It’s morally and ethically correct.

As leaders, we are supposed to be making these ethically correct decisions. People look up to us and if they see us making those wrong decisions they either might question our motive or they are going to decide to make those same decisions and think “if they’re doing it, why can’t I?” But we should want to put out the best example of how to be. We want to put our best foot forward and be prepared to make ethical and right decisions.


Psychology Reflection

PSY 100 was one of my favorite classes this semester. I got a better grip on how the mind works and how other people think. Throughout the class our professor, Matthew Pruitt, related what he was teaching back to leadership. On top of now being able to see how certain peoples minds work, I now have a better understanding on how to work with people and what their thinking processes are.


In one essay we had to talk about motivation. The scenario was that a store had recently hired a new manager. The employees had been putting forth the “bare minimum” and we had to decipher why they were doing what they were doing and had to then identity the relationship needs,intrinsic rewards, relatedness, and growth needs. This can be related back to an organization. Say the organization as the store with the new manager. One reason the members in the organization are giving the bare minimum would because there is not a relationship established with the new person charge. The is relationship need. The solution to this is for the new head to get to know the people. Talk with them and work at their level until there is a relationship that is built. Leadership is about having relationships with your followers. If there isn’t a healthy relationship, then there isn’t going to be a positive response.

Motivation and Rewards: 

Continuing with the organization with the new leader scenario there has to be some sort of reward for work that is done. There needs to be some recognition for the work that is put out. Maybe it’s just a pat on the back or a “well done” but giving that small recognition  is going to change how they feel. This is called an intrinsic reward and is going to make them feel good about what they’re doing. This reward does not have to be given every time something is done or else it would feel almost robotic and wouldn’t give that person the same satisfaction. But every now and again is going to do that person wonders. It makes them feel valued and motivates them to continue putting out positive outcomes.


A possible scenario is that the leader before you left the organization worse then when they found it, which is not what we are supposed to do as leaders. But now the organization has growth needs. Growth needs are for the individuals in the organization. If the leader before hadn’t done their job to the best of their ability and had left some people behind in the process. This means that as the leader we need to go back and help those individuals grow before we can try to expand and have the organization grow.



These are just a few examples of things that I have learned about leadership while taking Psych. Having taken the class with most of my LAS cohort put into perspective how many different individuals we have and how their minds work and process what is given to them. Hearing them as questions gave me enough insight to help me figure out and think about the best ways to work with them on things. But I can also take this newly learned knowledge to other organizations I’m involved in. With anything there is a certain level of leadership whether it is a job or an organization you are either leading or just following. These scenarios can be applied to most scenarios in your own life.

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